Wednesday, February 12, 2020
Marketing - Essay Example The author performed content analysis of the number of websites operated by leading fashion retailers along with three large supermarkets in UK. The author, while selecting the sample, focused only on choosing retail stores along with super store chains however there was no appropriate method was adapted. This article offers an insight through content analysis as to how the online branding is done by the retailers. This study was conducted by observational research methods through content analysis. Observational research methods are particularly suitable in situations where behaviors are observed. By performing cohort analysis, researcher therefore has attempted to offer a deeper insight into the similar traits and characteristics of the group of retailers in UK. However, this study is only limited to content analysis and as such does not offer any other insight obtained through other means of research like obtaining primary data through interviews or through circulating questionnaire to gain the responses of the managers. This research is limited due to the fact that it only takes into UK fashion retailers however, it fails to take into account how these retailers and their branding strategies actually affect their marketability. I.e. study does not provide any indication of how online branding strategies are helping firms to achieve their strategic goals. Observational studies however, often time consuming and selection of the sample can be difficult to obtain. Since such methods are time consuming, therefore changes that take place over the period of time due to changes in the consumer preferences may not be measured appropriately. Since observational research methods often involve certain ethical issues therefore the overall reliability may not be entirely to the complete satisfaction of the researcher. It is also imperative that the researcher may not be able to obtain entirely correct
Saturday, February 1, 2020
Annotated Bibliography - Research Paper Example Shocking too is that almost half the group had undergone some form of mental or physical abuse. According to Alsbjer (3), the experiences that the AAS users had from school were in most cases negative and were accompanied by LDs (learning difficulties), boredom, as well as concentration problems. The current circumstances of the interviewees included theft, illegal possession of weapons, crimes such as assault and wife battering, and abuse of other drugs. Their stories on the development of drug use varied significantly taking into account social background, onset of drug use, relationship to use as well as experience of the effects of AAS. Initially, all patients had experienced positive AAS effects, but with time the negative consequences overrode them. It was found out that all of them were given to excess gym training and combined this with steroids an indicator that the use of AAS has a close relation to gym training. This sourceÃ¢â¬â¢s only bias is the dwelling mostly on adults and their current endeavors to recover from AAS abuse and addiction. This shortcoming can be countered or covered by arguing from the point of view that those under observation give accounts of having started the abuse of steroids in their adolescence or teens. The source fails to consider the possibility of teens from well off families starting to use steroids as a matter of peer pressure and to enhance their looks albeit citing social difficulties and mental issues as the cause. This possibility is factored in, in most of the other sources. The audience for the material in this source would specifically be AAS users to help them understand the hidden reasons behind AAS use from the intervieweesÃ¢â¬â¢ accounts of their stories. This source is appropriate for my research by providing some effects of AAS use such as acting as a gateway to abuse of other drugs, as well as connection to criminal activities. This source h as
Thursday, January 23, 2020
Paeadise Lost In John MiltonÃ¢â¬â¢s Paradise Lost, we can see that there are the two ideas damnation and salvation through the characters of Satan and Adam & Eve, respectively. It is SatanÃ¢â¬â¢s sin of pride that first causes him to fall from GodÃ¢â¬â¢s grace and into the depths of hell. This same pride is also what keeps him from being able to be reconciled to God, and instead, leads him to buy into his own idea of saving himself. With Adam & Eve, we see that although they too, disobeyed God, they repented of their sin, and were reconciled to the Divinity through the saving judgement of the Son. It is their ability to admit their wrong doings to God that allow them to have the promise of returning to Paradise; something that Satan was not able to do. In the fourth book in Paradise Lost, we see Satan wrestling with himself over what has happened, his fall, and what it is he is about to do, his completely setting himself against God. He is able to recognize that GodÃ¢â¬â¢s forgiving nature extends even to himself, "I could repent and could obtain By Act of Grace, my former state", and is if only for a moment, unsure as to "which way I shall fly"? However, Satan knowingly chooses to cling to his foolish pride, and is unwilling to ask and receive the forgiveness of God, "is there no place left for repentanceÃ¢â¬ ¦ none leftÃ¢â¬ ¦ disdain forbids me". It is important to understand that Satan fully comprehends the sin he is about to commit as he is well aware of the consequences for his actions. He allows his pride to completely remove him from ever regaining his "former state", and so damns himself and the other fallen angels to the hell set aside for them. This idea of his last and lost chance to reconcile himself to the Divinit y is seen when he declares "So farewell HopeÃ¢â¬ ¦ Farewell Remorse: all Good to me is lost". This demonstrates his complete sense of despair, and thereby, his complete rejection of both God and His love. When we look at Adam & Eve, we see what might be considered tragic "heroes" in the sense that they also knowingly doom themselves to be removed from Paradise, and subjected to the harsh, new world as well as death, and yet persevere with the hope for a better future.
Wednesday, January 15, 2020
Historical Development of Nursing Timeline Create a 700- to 1,050-word timeline paper of the historical development of nursing science, starting with Florence Nightingale and continuing to the present. Format the timeline however you wish, but the word count and assignment requirements must be met. Include the following in your timeline: Ã¢â¬ ¢ Explain the historical development of nursing science by citing specific years, theories, theorists, and events in the history of nursing. Explain the relationship between nursing science and the profession. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Include the influences on nursing science of other disciplines, such as philosophy, religion, education, anthropology, the social sciences, and psychology. Prepare to discuss your timeline with your Learning Team or in class. Format all references consistent with APA guidelines. Copyright Ã © 2013 Penn Nursing Science, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing http://www. nursing. upenn. edu/nhhc/Pages/AmericanNursingIntroduct ion. aspx http://www. nursing. penn. edu/nhhc/Welcome%20Page%20Content/American%20Nursing. pdf Nursing Theories. The Base for Professional Nursing Practice, Sixth Edition Chapter 2: Nursing Theory and Clinical Practice ISBN: 9780135135839Ã Author: Julia B. GeorgeRN, PhD copyright Ã © 2011Ã Pearson Education lorence Nightingale believed that the force for healing resides within the human being and that, if the environment is appropriately supportive, humans will seek to heal themselves. Her 13 canons indicate the areas of environment of concern to nursing.These are ventilation and warming, health of houses (pure air, pure water, efficient drainage, cleanliness, and light), petty management (today known as continuity of care), noise, variety, taking food, what food, bed and bedding, light, cleanliness of rooms and walls, personal cleanliness, chattering hopes and advices, and observation of the sick. Hildegard E. Peplau focused on the interpersonal relationship between the nurse and the patient. The three phases of this relationship are orientation, working, and termination.The relationship is initiated by the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s felt need and termination occurs when the need is met. Both the nurse and the patient grow as a result of their interaction. Virginia Henderson first defined nursing as doing for others what they lack the strength, will, or knowledge to do for themselves and then identified 14 components of care. These components provide a guide to identifying areas in which a person may lack the strength, will, or knowledge to meet personal needs.They include breathing, eating and drinking, eliminating, moving, sleeping and resting, dressing and undressing appropriately, maintaining body temperature, keeping clean and protecting the skin, avoiding dangers and injury to others, communicating, worshiping, working, playing, and learning. Dorothea E. Orem identified three theories of self-care, self-care deficit, and nursing systems. The ability of the p erson to meet daily requirements is known as self-care, and carrying out those activities is self-care agency.Parents serve as dependent care agents for their children. The ability to provide self-care is influenced by basic conditioning factors including but not limited to age, gender, and developmental state. Self-care needs are partially determined by the self-care requisites, which are categorized as universal (air, water, food, elimination, activity and rest, solitude and social interaction, hazard prevention, function within social groups), developmental, and health deviation (needs arising from injury or illness and from efforts to treat the injury or illness).The total demands created by the self-care requisites are identified as therapeutic self-care demand. When the therapeutic self-care demand exceeds self-care agency, a self-care deficit exists, and nursing is needed. Based on the needs, the nurse designs nursing systems that are wholly compensatory (the nurse provides a ll needed care), partly compensatory (the nurse and the patient provide care together), or supportive-educative (the nurse provides needed support and education for the patient to exercise self-care). Dorothy E.Johnson stated that nursingÃ¢â¬â¢s area of concern is the behavioral system that consists of seven subsystems. The subsystems are attachment or affiliative, dependency, ingestive, eliminative, sexual, aggressive, and achievement. The behaviors for each of the subsystems occur as a result of the drive, set, choices, and goal of the subsystem. The purpose of the behaviors is to reduce tensions and keep the behavioral system in balance. Ida Jean Orlando described a disciplined nursing process. Her process is initiated by the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior.This behavior engenders a reaction in the nurse, described as an automatic perception, thought, or feeling. The nurse shares the reaction with the patient, identifying it as the nurseÃ¢â¬â¢s perception, thought, or feeling, and seeking validation of the accuracy of the reaction. Once the nurse and the patient have agreed on the immediate need that led to the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior and to the action to be taken by the nurse to meet that need, the nurse carries out a deliberative action. Any action taken by the nurse for reasons other than meeting the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s immediate need is an automatic action.Lydia E. Hall believed that persons over the age of 16 who were past the acute stage of illness required a different focus for their care than during the acute stage. She described the circles of care, core, and cure. Activities in the care circle belong solely to nursing and involve bodily care and comfort. Activities in the core circle are shared with all members of the health care team and involve the person and therapeutic use of self. Hall believed the drive to recovery must come from within the person.Activities in the cure circle also are shared with other members of the health care team and may i nclude the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s family. The cure circle focuses on the disease and the medical care. Faye G. Abdellah sought to change the focus of care from the disease to the patient and thus proposed patient-centered approaches to care. She identified 21 nursing problems, or areas vital to the growth and functioning of humans that require support from nurses when persons are for some reason limited in carrying out the activities needed to provide such growth.These areas are hygiene and comfort, activity (including exercise, rest, and sleep), safety, body mechanics, oxygen, nutrition, elimination, fluid and electrolyte balance, recognition of physiological responses to disease, regulatory mechanisms, sensory functions, emotions, interrelatedness of emotions and illness, communication, interpersonal relationships, spiritual goals, therapeutic environment, individuality, optimal goals, use of community resources, and role of society.Ernestine Wiedenbach proposed a prescriptive theory th at involves the nurseÃ¢â¬â¢s central purpose, prescription to fulfill that purpose, and the realities that influence the ability to fulfill the central purpose (the nurse, the patient, the goal, the means, and the framework or environment). Nursing involves the identification of the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s need for help, the ministration of help, and validation that the efforts made were indeed helpful.Her principles of helping indicate the nurse should look for patient behaviors that are not consistent with what is expected, should continue helping efforts in spite of encountering difficulties, and should recognize personal limitations and seek help from others as needed. Nursing actions may be reflex or spontaneous and based on sensations, conditioned or automatic and based on perceptions, impulsive and based on assumptions, or deliberate or responsible and based on realization, insight, design, and decision that involves discussion and joint planning with the patient.Joyce Travelbee w as concerned with the interpersonal process between the professional nurse and that nurseÃ¢â¬â¢s client, whether an individual, family, or community. The functions of the nurseÃ¢â¬âclient, or human-to-human, relationship are to prevent or cope with illness or suffering and to find meaning in illness or suffering. This relationship requires a disciplined, intellectual approach, with the nurse employing a therapeutic use of self. The five phases of the human-to-human relationship are encounter, identities, empathy, sympathy, and rapport.Myra Estrin Levine described adaptation as the process by which conservation is achieved, with the purpose of conservation being integrity, or preservation of the whole of the person. Adaptation is based on past experiences of effective responses (historicity), the use of responses specific to the demands being made (specificity), and more than one level of response (redundancy). Adaptation seeks the best fit between the person and the environment . The principles of conservation deal with conservation of energy, structural integrity, personal integrity, and social integrity of the individual. Imogene M.King presented both a systems-based conceptual framework of personal, interpersonal, and social systems and a theory of goal attainment. The concepts of the theory of goal attainment are interaction, perception, communication, transaction, self, role, stress, growth and development, time, and personal space. The nurse and the client usually meet as strangers. Each brings to this meeting perceptions and judgments about the situation and the other; each acts and then reacts to the otherÃ¢â¬â¢s action. The reactions lead to interaction, which, when effective, leads to transaction or movement toward mutually agreed-on goals.She emphasizes that both the nurse and the patient bring important knowledge and information to this goal-attainment process. Martha E. Rogers identified the basic science of nursing as the Science of Unitary Human Beings. The human being is a whole, not a collection of parts. She presented the human being and the environment as energy fields that are integral with each other. The human being does not have an energy field but is an energy field. These fields can be identified by their pattern, described as a distinguishing characteristic that is perceived as a single wave.These patterns occur in a pandimensional world. RogersÃ¢â¬â¢s principles are resonancy, or continuous change to higher frequency; helicy, or unpredictable movement toward increasing diversity; and integrality, or the continuous mutual process of the human field and the environmental field. Sister Callista Roy proposed the Roy Adaptation Model. The person or group responds to stimuli from the internal or external environment through control processes or coping mechanisms identified as the regulator and cognator (stabilizer and innovator for the group) subsystems.The regulator processes are essentially automatic, while the cognator processes involve perception, learning, judgment, and emotion. The results of the processing by these coping mechanisms are behaviors in one of four modes. These modes are the physiologicalÃ¢â¬âphysical mode (oxygenation; nutrition; elimination; activity and rest; protection; senses; fluid, electrolyte, and acidÃ¢â¬âbase balance; and endocrine function for individuals and resource adequacy for groups), self-conceptÃ¢â¬âgroup identity mode, role function mode, and interdependence mode.These behaviors may be either adaptive (promoting the integrity of the human system) or ineffective (not promoting such integrity). The nurse assesses the behaviors in each of the modes and identifies those adaptive behaviors that need support and those ineffective behaviors that require intervention. For each of these behaviors, the nurse then seeks to identify the associated stimuli. The stimulus most directly associated with the behavior is the focal stimulus; all other stimuli that are verified as influencing the behavior are contextual stimuli.Any stimuli that may be influencing the behavior but that have not been verified as doing so are residual stimuli. Once the stimuli are identified, the nurse, in cooperation with the patient, plans and carries out interventions to alter stimuli and support adaptive behaviors. The effectiveness of the actions taken is evaluated. Betty Neuman developed the Neuman Systems Model. Systems have three environmentsÃ¢â¬âthe internal, the external, and the created environment. Each system, whether an individual or a group, has several structures. The basic structure or core is where the energy resources reside.This core is protected by lines of resistance that in turn are surrounded by the normal line of defense and finally the flexible line of defense. Each of the structures consists of the five variables of physiological, psychological, sociocultural, developmental, and spiritual characteristics. Each variable is influ enced by intrapersonal, interpersonal, and extrapersonal factors. The system seeks a state of equilibrium that may be disrupted by stressors. Stressors, either existing or potential, first encounter the flexible line of defense.If the flexible line of defense cannot counteract the stressor, then the normal line of defense is activated. If the normal line of defense is breached, the stressor enters the system and leads to a reaction, associated with the lines of resistance. This reaction is what is usually termed symptoms. If the lines of resistance allow the stressor to reach the core, depletion of energy resources and death are threatened. In the Neuman Systems Model, there are three levels of prevention. Primary prevention occurs before a stressor enters the system and causes a reaction.Secondary prevention occurs in response to the symptoms, and tertiary prevention seeks to support maintenance of stability and to prevent future occurrences. Kathryn E. BarnardÃ¢â¬â¢s focus is on the circumstances that enhance the development of the young child. In her Child Health Assessment Interaction Model, the key components are the child, the caregiver, the environment, and the interactions between child and caregiver. Contributions made by the child include temperament and ability to regulate and by the caregiver physical health, mental health, coping, and level of education.The environment includes both animate and inanimate resources. In assessing interaction, the parent is assessed in relation to sensibility to cues, fostering emotional growth, and fostering cognitive growth. The infant is assessed in relation to clarity of cue given and responsiveness to parent. Josephine E. Paterson and Loretta T. Zderad presented humanistic nursing. Humans are seen as becoming through choices, and health is a personal value of more-being and well-being. Humanistic nursing involves dialogue, community, and phenomenologic nursology.Dialogue occurs through meeting the other, relat ing with the other, being in presence together, and sharing through call and response. Community is the sense of Ã¢â¬Å"we. Ã¢â¬ Phenomenologic nursology involves the nurse preparing to know another, having intuitive responses to another, learning about the other scientifically, synthesizing information about the other with information already known, and developing a truth that is both uniquely personal and generally applicable. Madeleine M. Leininger provided a guide to the inclusion of culture as a vital aspect of nursing practice.Her Sunrise Model posits that important dimensions of culture and social structure are technology, religion, philosophy, kinship and other related social factors, cultural values and lifeways, politics, law, economics, and education within the context of language and environment. All of these influence care patterns and expressions that impact the health or well-being of individuals, families, groups, and institutions. The diverse health systems inclu de the folk care systems and the professional care systems that are linked by nursing.To provide culture congruent care, nursing decisions and actions should seek to provide culture care preservation or maintenance, culture care accommodation or negotiation, or culture care repatterning or restructuring. Margaret Newman described health as expanding consciousness. Important concepts are consciousness (the information capacity of the system), pattern (movement, diversity, and rhythm of the whole), pattern recognition (identification within the observer of the whole of another), and transformation (change). Health and disease are seen as reflections of the larger whole rather than as different entities.She proposed (with Sime and Corcoran-Perry) the unitaryÃ¢â¬âtransformative paradigm in which human beings are viewed as unitary phenomenon. These phenomenon are identified by pattern, and change is unpredictable, toward diversity, and transformative. Stages of disorganization, or cho ice points, lead to change, and health is the evolving pattern of the whole as the system moves to higher levels of consciousness. The nurse enters into process with a client and does not serve as a problem solver. Jean Watson described nursing as human science and human care.Her clinical caritas processes include practicing loving-kindness and equanimity within a context of caring consciousness; being authentically present and enabling and sustaining the deep belief system and subjective life world of self and one-being-cared-for; cultivating oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own spiritual practice and transpersonal self, developing and sustaining helping-trusting in an authentic caring relationship; being present to and supportive of the expression of positive and negative feelings as a connection with the deeper spirit of self and the one-being-cared-for; creatively using self and all ways of knowing as a part of the caring process to engage in artistry of caring-healing practices; engaging in a genu ine teaching-learning experience that attends to unity of being and meaning while attempting to stay within otherÃ¢â¬â¢s frame of reference; creating healing environments at all levels, physical as well as nonphysical, within a subtle environment of energy and consciousness, whereby the potentials of wholeness, beauty, comfort, dignity, and peace are enhanced; assisting with basic needs, with an intentional caring consciousness, to potentiate alignment of mind/body/spirit, wholeness, and unity of being in all aspects of care; tending to both embodied spirit and evolving spiritual emergence; opening and attending to spiritual-mysterious and existential dimensions of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own life-death; and soul care for self and the one-being-cared-for. These caritas processes occur within a transpersonal caring relationship and a caring occasion and caring moment as the nurse and other come together and share with each other. The transpersonal caring relationship seeks to provide mental a nd spiritual growth for both participants while seeking to restore or improve the harmony and unity within the personhood of the other.Rosemarie Rizzo Parse developed the theory of Humanbecoming within the simultaneity paradigm that views human beings as developing meaning through freedom to choose and as more than and different from a sum of parts. Her practice methodology has three dimensions, each with a related process. The first is illuminating meaning, or explicating, or making clear through talking about it, what was, is, and will be. The second is synchronizing rhythms, or dwelling with or being immersed with the process of connecting and separating within the rhythms of the exchange between the human and the universe. The third is mobilizing transcendence, or moving beyond or moving toward what is envisioned, the moment to what has not yet occurred.In the theory of Humanbecoming, the nurse is an interpersonal guide, with the responsibility for decision making (or making of choices) residing in the client. The nurse provides support but not counseling. However, the traditional role of teaching does fall within illuminating meaning, and serving as a change agent is congruent with mobilizing transcendence. Helen C. Erickson, Evelyn M. Tomlin, and Mary Ann P. Swain presented the theory of Modeling and Role-Modeling. Both modeling and role-modeling involve an art and a science. Modeling requires the nurse to seek an understanding of the clientÃ¢â¬â¢s view of the world. The art of modeling involves the use of empathy in developing this understanding.The science of modeling involves the use of the nurseÃ¢â¬â¢s knowledge in analyzing the information collected to create the model. Role-modeling seeks to facilitate health. The art of role-modeling lies in individualizing the facilitations, while the science lies in the use of the nurseÃ¢â¬â¢s theoretical knowledge base to plan and implement care. The aims of intervention are to build trust, promote the cl ientÃ¢â¬â¢s positive orientation of self, promote the clientÃ¢â¬â¢s perception of being in control, promote the clientÃ¢â¬â¢s strengths, and set mutual health-directed goals. The client has self-care knowledge about what his needs are and self-care resources to help meet these needs and takes self-care action to use the resources to meet the needs.In addition, a major motivation for human behavior is the drive for affiliated individuation, or having a personal identity while being connected to others. The individualÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to mobilize resources is identified as adaptive potential. Adaptive potential may be identified as adaptive equilibrium (a nonstress state in which resources are utilized appropriately), maladaptive equilibrium (a nonstress state in which resource utilization is placing one or more subsystems in jeopardy), arousal (a stress state in which the client is having difficulty mobilizing resources), or impoverishment (a stress state in which resources are diminished or depleted).Interventions differ according to the adaptive potential. Those in adaptive equilibrium can be encouraged to continue and may require only facilitation of their self-care actions. Those in maladaptive equilibrium present the challenge of seeing no reason to change since they are in equilibrium. Here motivation strategies to seek to change are needed. Those in arousal are best supported by actions that facilitate change and support individuation; these are likely to include teaching, guidance, direction, and other assistance. Those in impoverishment have strong affiliation needs, need their internal strengths promoted, and need to have resources provided. Nola J.Pender developed the Health Promotion Model (revised) with the goal of achieving outcomes of health-promoting behavior. Areas identified to help understand personal choices made in relation to health-promoting behavior include perceived benefits of action, perceived barriers to action, perceived self- efficacy (or ability to carry out the action), activity-related affect, interpersonal influences, situation influences, commitment to a plan of action, and immediate competing demands and preferences. Patricia Benner described expert nursing practice and identified five stages of skill acquisition as novice, advanced beginner, competent, proficient, and expert.She discusses a number of concepts in relation to these stages, including agency, assumptions, expectations and set, background meaning, caring, clinical forethought, clinical judgment, clinical knowledge, clinical reasoning, clinical transitions, common meanings, concern, coping, skill acquisition, domains of practice, embodied intelligence, embodied knowledge, emotions, ethical judgment, experience, graded qualitative distinctions, intuition, knowing the patient, maxims, paradigm cases and personal knowledge, reasoning-in-transition, social embeddedness, stress, temporality, thinking-in-action, and unplanned practices. Julie t Corbin and Anselm L. Strauss developed the Chronic Illness Trajectory Framework, in which they describe the course of illness and the actions taken to shape that course. The phases of the framework are pretrajectory, trajectory onset, stable, unstable, acute, crisis, comeback, downward, and dying.A trajectory projection is oneÃ¢â¬â¢s personal vision of the illness, and a trajectory scheme is the plan of actions to shape the course of the illness, control associated symptoms, and handle disability. Important also are oneÃ¢â¬â¢s biography or life story and oneÃ¢â¬â¢s everyday life activities (similar to activities of daily living). Anne Boykin and Savina Schoenhofer present nursing as caring in a grand theory that may be used in combination with other theories. Persons are caring by virtue of being human; are caring, moment to moment; are whole and complete in the moment; and are already complete while growing in completeness. Personhood is the process of living grounded in ca ring and is enhanced through nurturing relationships.Nursing as a discipline is a being, knowing, living, and valuing response to a social call. As a profession, nursing is based on a social call and uses a body of knowledge to respond to that call. The focus of nursing is nurturing persons living in caring and growing in caring. This nurturing occurs in the nursing situation, or the lived experience shared between the nurse and the nursed, in which personhood is enhanced. The call for nursing is not based on a need or a deficit and thus focuses on helping the other celebrate the fullness of being rather than seeking to fix something. Boykin and Schoenhofer encourage the use of storytelling to make evident the service of nursing.Katharine Kolcaba developed a comfort theory in which she describes comfort, comfort care, comfort measures, and comfort needs as well as health-seeking behavior, institutional integrity, and intervening variables. She speaks of comfort as physical, psychosp iritual, environmental, and sociocultural and describes technical comfort measures, coaching for comfort, and comfort food for the soul. Ramona Mercer describes the process of becoming a mother in the four stages of commitment, attachment, and preparation; acquaintance, learning, and physical restoration; moving toward a new normal; and achievement of the maternal identity. The stages occur with the three nested living environments of family and friends, community, and society at large.Afaf Meleis, in her theory of transitions, identifies four types of transitions: developmental, situational, healthÃ¢â¬âillness, and organizational. Properties of the transition experience include awareness, engagement, change and difference, time span, critical points, and events. Personal conditions include meanings, cultural beliefs and attitudes, socioeconomic status, and preparation and knowledge. Community conditions include family support, information available, health care resources, and ro le models. Process indicators are feeling connected, interacting, location, and being situated and developing confidence and coping. Outcome indicators include mastery and fluid integrative processes. Merle H.Mishel describes uncertainty in illness with the three major themes of antecedents of uncertainty, appraisal of uncertainty, and coping with uncertainty. Antecedents of uncertainty are the stimuli frame, including symptom pattern, event familiarity, and event congruence; cognitive capacity or informational processing ability; and structure providers, such as education, social support, and credible authorities. Appraisal of uncertainty includes both inference (use of past experience to evaluate an event) and illusion (creating beliefs from uncertainty with a positive outlook). Coping with uncertainty includes danger, opportunity, coping, and adaptation.The Reconceptualized Uncertainty in Illness Theory adds self-organization and probabilistic thinking and changes the goal from r eturn to previous level of functioning to growth to a new value system. Each of these models or theories will be applied to clinical practice with the following case study: May Allenski, an 84-year-old White female, had emergency femoral-popliteal bypass surgery two days ago. She has severe peripheral vascular disease, and a clot blocked 90% of the circulation to her right leg one week ago. The grafts were taken from her left leg, so there are long incisions in each leg. She lives in a small town about 75 miles from the medical center. The initial clotting occurred late on Friday night; she did not see a doctor until Monday.The first physician referred her to a vascular specialist, who then referred her to the medical center. Her 90-year-old husband drove her to the medical center on Tuesday. You anticipate she will be discharged to home on the fourth postoperative day, as is standard procedure. She is learning to transfer to and from bed and toilet to wheelchair. Table 2-1 shows ex amples of application in clinical practice that are not complete but are intended to provide only a partial example for each. Study of these examples can provide ideas or suggestions for use in clinical practice. Readers are encouraged to develop further detail as appropriate to their practice.
Tuesday, January 7, 2020
Anne-Marie Slaughter wrote an article about how a woman canÃ¢â¬â¢t have it all by managing a career and family. Ellen Ullman wrote an article how she was a computer programmer for a company that didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have many women work in that field. It has become common today to dismiss the debates in the workplace for twenty-first-century women that have a family and work to balance. Many people used to think that high-profile jobs were for men and that woman stayed home to watch the family. Within the past few decadesÃ¢â¬â¢ women have started to do the jobs that men were doing to help the husband and the family. Both authors elaborated on the way their work is set and how hard they both succeeded to get to where they are now. While both Slaughter and UllmanÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦And by all, he meant three, but at the time, it was rare for women to have a well-placed technical position. Both Ullman and Slaughter were faced with sexism in the workplace and found ways to ignor e it. However, they also faced different social structures in the workplace. Ullman believes women today face a new, more virile and virulent sexism. She found that being a woman put her at one remove from the general society of programmers. And that the rule of law and social activism certainly are crucial. Ullman claims that, Ã¢â¬Å"No matter how strong the social structure, there is always that cheeked-slapped moment when you are alone with the anti-woman prejudice: the joke, the leer, the disregard, the invisibility, the inescapable fact that the moment you walk through the door you are seen as lesser, no matter what your credentialsÃ¢â¬ (729). She meant that no matter how hard you succeeded in your education, youÃ¢â¬â¢d always be seen fragile. Ullman also stated that staring prejudice in the face imposes a spiteful discipline: to structure anger, to achieve a certain dignity, an enraged dignity. On the other hand, Slaughter had claimed that Ã¢â¬Å"women of her generation have mai ntained to the feminist stance, that they were raised with, ranks had steadily thinned by indeterminable pressures between family and career, because they were determined not to drop the flag for the next generation womenÃ¢â¬ (680). She strongly believes women canShow MoreRelatedGraduation Speech : My Family986 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthat I wonder if I have what it takes to be all of the things I need to be to everyone who depends on me as a mother,wife,career woman,sister,friend and now a college student. My three children are not young so they do not need daycare or every single minute of my free time anymore. However, they are busy,athletic,social butterflies who keep me on the go all the time. It is a hard but possible journey to be a successful student while balancing my time with a career and family. The first step inRead MoreCommon Knowledge That Emerging Adult College Students1043 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Its common knowledge that emerging adult college students can be under heavy amounts of both positive and negative stress. Especially because higher education can pose opportunities and risks. The purpose of the study done by Justin W. Peter, Stephen B. Hillman and Emma Van Hoet was to analyze how stress influenced the lives of emerging adults as well as whether or not they managed it effectively. According to the article, the study was aimed to expand on previous studies conducted. The focusRead MoreChrist Led Leaders : The Heroes Of The World1672 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesleaders are those who consult God concerning every situation. Therefore, their decisions are applied with much wisdom and love. This causes a leader to be known as one of the best ones. People will forget what you said, but they will never forget how you made them feel (Maya Angelou). Some of the most known leaders are the ones who acted in the love of God. For an example, Martin Luther King was on who carried the love of God through his messages. He was known for encouraging others to maintainRead MoreHeidi Roizen, A Native Of Silicon Valley754 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesbrilliantly managed building a strong network around herself during her course of life while concentrating on venture capitalism at the same time. She is outgoing, forward thinker and she can foresee opportunities that others miss. She faced a tough time working as one of the board directors in various companies and managing her strong network that she has built over the years. I believe that her strong networking skills and her outgoing/jovial attitude has led to her success and at no cost she should prioritizeRead MoreExecutive Officer Of Tritel Customer Services Essay1211 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesoutstanding women who have started, built, inherited, partnered, or have entered business ownership. To obtain a degree in business you must attend schooling at a university or online management courses. This includes classes that are designed to help you develop the professional knowledge and skills of cross functional managers and also improve communication and productivity skills. By having this job you are primarily your own boss. You will choose the hours you want to work and how you want your businessRead MoreXerox Co. Diversity1509 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCASE 2 - XEROX QUESTION 1 How would Xerox define diversity? How has its definition changed over the years? In business , diversity has seen action in the managing of human resource as essential capital in fostering businesses at a global scale . Diversity is also seen as a concept where differences can be a powerful resource . Based on the Case facts, Xerox value diversity as the most priceless resource to drive the company towards achieving its goals. According to Xerox Chairman amp; former CEORead MoreXerox Co. Diversity1501 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCASE 2 - XEROX QUESTION 1 How would Xerox define diversity? How has its definition changed over the years? In business , diversity has seen action in the managing of human resource as essential capital in fostering businesses at a global scale . Diversity is also seen as a concept where differences can be a powerful resource . Based on the Case facts, Xerox value diversity as the most priceless resource to drive the company towards achieving its goals. According to Xerox Chairman amp; formerRead MoreConfessions of a Shopaholic Essay1188 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesdiscuss your ongoing overdraft needs.Ã¢â¬ - pg.4 | Ã¢â¬Å"Call in sick! ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s a sale at Damp;G, we must go!Ã¢â¬ - pg.293 | Quote #2 | Ã¢â¬Å"Money, money, money. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s an obsessionÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â pg.71 | Ã¢â¬Å"LetÃ¢â¬â¢s see what we can sort out.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â pg. 288 | Ã¢â¬Å"LetÃ¢â¬â¢s go shopping! ThatÃ¢â¬â¢ll take your mind off of things.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â pg. 152 | Quote #3 | Ã¢â¬Å"Sh*t. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s the bank. Oh God. They sent me that letter, didnÃ¢â¬â¢t they, and I never did anything about it.Ã¢â¬ - pg.79 | Ã¢â¬Å"No more excuses.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â pg.288 | Ã¢â¬Å"DonÃ¢â¬â¢t worry about paying the rent. Worry about yourRead MoreModern Stay At Home Mothers2945 Words Ã |Ã 12 Pagesand 1970s, more and more women have been working outside the household. In addition, more men have chosen to stay home and be the primary care providers. This has resulted in a shift in the gender expectations that were previously dominant. Nevertheless, even with these changing gender norms, in cases where one parent needs to stay home, it is still women who are stepping up to the plate in order to fulfill the role of Ã¢â¬Å"primary caretakerÃ¢â¬ regardless of their career goals or current work situationRead MoreThe Dollar and Sense of Preventive Care1586 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesprevention activities that generate significant cost saving to consumers, the e ffects preventive care has on health care providers and how both impact consumer health. The success of preventive care will be deomonstrated by corelating reduction in healthcare costs to preventive care implementation. Based on this correlation of success, a future preventive care plan can be constructed to provide continued cost controls for healthcare and greater overall health for the consumer. Preventive care is not
Monday, December 30, 2019
Relief Stress is something everyone deals with on different levels and in different ways. Stress can originate from daily hassles, bad time management, and big life changing decisions. College is where all three of these appear to meet; whether it be deciding what career to chase, the impending terror of midterms, or what to eat for lunch stress is surrounding college students. If universities do not look into ways of helping students with stress management, than students are not only at risk of a rough college experience but they are possible health issues. The University of Oklahoma has taken into consideration that stress affects its students; they have posted a guide line of signs of stress and how to deal with it on the OU Police Department page. My question is why is the information on the OUPD site instead of where it can be more visible? Do students even know about the page and is the page even mentioned to incoming freshmen? Are there ways the university prepares or informs students of the stress they may deal with while in college? With the current page titled College Stress buried in the OU police department webpage not many people are going to find the page. For someone to find this page they would need to go to the OUPD web page and look under the first-aid and health tab to find the information. The information on the site is divided up into four categories; the first one is Effects of Stress on Your Body, followed by Warning Signs Of Stress, Causes ofShow MoreRelatedAnnotated Bibliography on Stress1762 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesdefinitions of stress and how to cope with it, known as stress management. Stress affects health in a number of ways. It is defined by James (2011) as pressure or tension that comes in many shapes and forms and furthermore the body and mind in particular reacts psychologically and even emotionally. How Stress Affects Health This can affect how an individual feels, think and behave. Signs and symptoms can include sleeping problems, loss of appetite and difficulty concentrating. Stress can usually causeRead MoreEffects Of Teacher Stress On Middle School Students Behavior And Performance Essay1284 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe effects of teacher stress on middle school students behavior and performance. Teaching is a highly stressful occupation, particularly in a middle school environment. Middle school is a difficult level to teach. For students it is a time of adolescents and many changes occur developmentally and socially. The stress level of teachers affects their effectiveness in instruction, teacher student interaction, and classroom management. The articles that will be discussed in this research paper willRead MoreEffect Of Stress On Students1169 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Introduction Stress can define as Balancing classes, tests, projects, extra-curricular activities and work is enough to make anyone feel overwhelmed, especially with final exams right around the corner. Having stress in your life is unavoidable, but there are steps students can take to mitigate its effects on their lives and health. Going off to college involves significant adjustments to student daily routine; student sleeping and eating habits, time-management skills, and stress levels will beRead MoreThe Effect Of Time Management On College Students Essay1375 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesbetween time management and stress in college. Time management can have several positive influence on our overall well-being both professional life and college life. However, Poor time management actions such as not being able to find time to study or last minute preparation is a source of stress and poor academic performance. In this proposal, we will look at how time management can have a huge impact on our academi c career. The methods that can be used to examine how time management has an impactRead MoreAcademic Stress Causes Teenage Depression989 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAcademic Stress causes Teenage Depression Academic stress is very common in studentÃ¢â¬â¢s lives. Many students assume that making the academic experience their first priority now, will increase the chance of success in the future. School is an important aspect in most teenagers lives and by being so important a teenager can become depressed very effortlessly at school or because of school. Academic stress can take complete control over a studentÃ¢â¬â¢s life, sometimes leading to depression. At school thisRead MoreCommon Knowledge That Emerging Adult College Students1043 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Its common knowledge that emerging adult college students can be under heavy amounts of both positive and negative stress. Especially because higher education can pose opportunities and risks. The purpose of the study done by Justin W. Peter, Stephen B. Hillman and Emma Van Hoet was to analyze how stress influenced the lives of emerging adults as well as whether or not they managed it effectively. According to the article, the study was aimed to expand on previous studies conducted. The focusRead MoreAn Effective Stress Resolution Strategy1006 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAn Effective stress resolution strategy Look back- Transitioning into college changed my life entirely by introducing me to stress. This is unlike high school where you can wake up at 7am and still get to class on time. On the contrary, with college there is the need to wake up early every morning by 3.30am, have a quick shower, get dressed and head to the bus stop in time to catch the 4.30am bus. I only have to do this because I live in Brampton, Ontario.During my first week into college, I realizedRead MoreEssay about Determining Causes and Effects of Stress on College Students1400 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagescauses and effects of stress on college students is compiled at the request of The President of Strayer University. The purpose of presenting this research paper to senior administration is to help students have a more constructive college experience. Students starting their college careers consist of major adjustments to the daily routine; sleep patterns and eating habits, time-management skills, and stress levels are different in one way or another. The American Institute of Stress, compiledRead More Academic Time Management Essay1030 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAcademic Time Management With every new experience come challenges, and anxieties that can be overwhelming if they are not handled and dealt with in a reasonable way. Beginning college is certainly no exception. Stress takes many forms, most notably in the academic sense, as exams, papers, and various projects and assignments. Making the grade is an important aspect of many college students, and the best way of getting good grades without sacrificing all aspects of a social life is effectiveRead MoreEvidence Based Intervention Essay826 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesincrease academic achievement can include trainings and implementation support at the school, class-wide, and individual student-level, and are often either academic or behavioral in nature. Overall, implementation of both universal (i.e. class-wide) and targeted (i.e. student-level) interventions have demonstrated positive impacts on decreasing disruptive behaviors and increasing student academic achievement (Flower, McKenna, Bunuan, Muething, Vega, 2014; Vannest, Davis, Davis, Mason, Burke, 2010)
Sunday, December 22, 2019
Worship and sin cannot coexist. For example, before the fall, Adam and Eve did not need to acquire atonement to worship God, but instead lived in the Garden of Eden with Him. The Temple and Tabernacle were the places where man encountered God, so they served as vital religious components of Judaism. In addition to atonement, tabernacle and temple, further elements of Old Testament worship include scripture, singing, and covenant renewal/remembrance. This essay will go over Old Testament worship practices and the significance of these practices. Atonement is the physical ritual conveying a sentiment of repentance. In the Old Testament, atonement was the method used in order to attain purity and restore relationship with God and the community of believers through a sacrificial statement. We see this demonstrated in time of the creation and fall, the patriarchs, the exodus/law/conquest, the kings, and the post-exile (Lecture 1, 2016). There are numerous types of sacrifices that can be f ound in Leviticus: burnt offering (1:3-17), associated cereal offerings (2:1-16), peace offerings (3:1-17), sin offering (4:1-5:13) and guilt offering (5:14-6:7) (Peterson, 1993, p.38). The sacrificial system in the Old Testament to atone for unintentionally and intentionally committed sins and social failures that caused Israelites to become unclean so that they can once again join the worshipping community of God (Leviticus 4:20; 5:16-18). These sacrifices acted in some cases asShow MoreRelatedChristianity and Psychology Integrated1641 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesChristianity and psychology have always seemed to have nothing in common with one another; even to the point that people think they are completely separate and hostile entities. I believe that they can be used to bolster one another and can be used together to edify the body of believers. Pastors and other spiritual leaders use psychology every day when counseling the body of believers. This is a normal occurrence and should be supported by the psychological and Christian communities. PsychologyRead MoreChristianity And The Christian Church1473 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesfundamental of these is original sin and in response salvation by grace. Original sin comes from the oldest story in the bible found in the book of Genesis. This book tells of humanity s origins, and how mankind first sinned by betraying God and when Adam and Eve consumed the forbidden fruit in the Garden of Eden. This was the first sin of humankind, which according to Christianity, has been passed down from Adam and Eve to everyone human being. As a result of this Ã¢â¬Å"original sinÃ¢â¬ Christians believe thatRead MoreThe Theology Of Philosophy And Christian Theology917 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages There are four theology sources of theology that is scripture, tradition, reason and religious experience. The scripture is expounded with the context of public worship and is the subject of meditation and devotion on the part of individual Christian (McGrath, 2011). Tradition is an active process of pas sing on the Christian faith, rather than as a static source of revelation, independent of Scripture (McGrath, 2011). Reason is assumed an especial importance at the time of the EnlightenmentRead MoreSelf-Interest By Thomas Hobbes Leviathan Analysis1058 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"state of natureÃ¢â¬ is described as Ã¢â¬Å"poor, nasty, brutish, and shortÃ¢â¬ (Hobbes 143). It is how man is before any sovereign power is put in place. Hobbes offers a way to save man from this horrific war torn time. He says the ultimate goal is peace. Peace can be achieved through a man Ã¢â¬Å"laying down his right to all thingsÃ¢â¬ (Hobbes 149). This natural right is therefore renounced to the sovereign power who offers protection from this blood curdling state of nature. To ensure men do not fall back into this violentRead More Epic of Beowulf - Contradictory Christian Elements in Beowulf1964 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesContradictory Christian Elements in BeowulfÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã In Beowulf the Christian element, which coexists alongside the pagan or heathen, sometimes in a seemingly contradictory fashion, is many faceted. Ã Certainly the Christian element seems to be too deeply interwoven in the text for us to suppose that it is due to additions made by scribes at a time when the poem had come to be written down. The Christian element had to be included by the original poet or by minstrels who recited it inRead MoreMy Thoughts on the Decree on Ecumenism Essay1368 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMy Thoughts on the Decree on Ecumenism Many of you might not know that the incredible changes that have taken place in the Catholic world over the past 50 years in the areas of belief, practise and worship are a direct result of the Second Vatican Council, which took place in Rome between 1962 and 1965. But some have argued that the undeniable and revolutionary changes that took place after Vatican II were due to many misrepresentations of the actual teachings of the Council. In this responseRead MoreThe And Of The Trinity Essay2138 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesshapes: Father, Son, and Holy Ghost/Spirit. The idea of Trinity was not received by Christianity until the Council of Nicea in 325 AD. A portion of the early Christians were Unitarians. Indeed, even today, there are Christian Unitarian places of worship that do not acknowledge the Trinity. Outstanding Rationalist Unitarians incorporate scholars, for example, Ralph Waldo Emerson (American), researchers, for example, Isaac Newton (British), and also renowned figures, for ex ample, Florence NightingaleRead MoreAn Exposition Of Ephesians 2 : 1-103622 Words Ã |Ã 15 Pagesworks. Outline of Passage I. We used to live in disobedience as slaves to sin and our flesh (v. 1-3). II. But God restored us to himself through his love and mercy and saved us with his grace (v. 4-7). III. Although we were not saved by works, we are called to respond to God by doing the works he prepared for us (v. 8-10) Introduction Have you ever imagined what it would have felt like for Jesus to die, full of the sins of the world, cut off from his Father, and then to walk the earth againRead MoreDifferences Between Christianity And Islam1444 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagestraditions to unite. It is necessary for these two traditions to coexist and strive for peace so that the majority of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s population can live in harmony. The history, practices, and sacred texts of Islam and Christianity yield traditions with varying sets of beliefs, but the two are founded on principles of love, which promote unity and peace. The Islam faith, spread under the prophet Muhammad in about 600 c.e., holds that peace can be found when one surrenders to Allah (Ã¢â¬Å"Overview of IslamÃ¢â¬ )Read MoreIs Religious Diversity And Religious Influence Good Or Bad For Our Nation?1455 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesKnowing and Acquainted. (Quran 49:13). A verse that I heard and learned from my uncle Karim and he explained to me that this means that if God had wanted to, he would have made us all the same. My uncle claims that God is testing mankind to see if they can learn how to live together in peace. As a Christian, I took that and understood as well as learned from it. This verse from another religion has influenced my opinion on this topic. Which is why to me, religious diversity and influence is a wonderful